U.S. Supreme Court rules PennEast pipeline project can use eminent domain to take N.J. state land

U.S. Supreme Court rules PennEast pipeline project can use eminent domain to take N.J. state land


The Department of Justice under both former President Trump and current President Biden sided with PennEast.

But opponents say the decision tramples on states’ rights and runs counter to the state’s and the nation’s climate goals by locking in another fossil fuel infrastructure project that will encourage more fracking for natural gas in Pennsylvania. New Jersey Attorney General Gurbir Grewal said he was disappointed by the ruling but vowed to continue to fight the project.

“We still have other, ongoing legal challenges to this proposed pipeline, which is unnecessary and would be destructive to New Jersey lands,” Grewal said in a statement. “I am proud to continue this fight on behalf of our residents, and I urge the federal government to take another look at this harmful proposal.”

Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Rep. Frank Pallone, Jr. (D-NJ) called the decision a “dangerous precedent.”

“States like New Jersey should be able to retain their right to do what they wish with the lands they own, and no private actor – including pipeline companies – should be able to usurp that right. I am determined to work with my colleagues to do everything in our power to preserve this important State right.”

Delaware Riverkeeper Network’s Maya van Rossum said there are more avenues to block the project, and the Supreme Court decision is not the final say.

“This is very literally taking the rights of states and subjugating them to the profit goals of private industry, and that is fundamentally and morally wrong,” she said. “It’s not just about PennEast, it’s about the fracking , it’s about the end use and ultimately it’s about contributing to the climate crisis for future generations.”

The project still needs Clean Water Act permits from Pennsylvania and New Jersey, as well as approvals from the Delaware River Basin Commission and the U.S Army Corps of Engineers. Pennsylvania has taken steps to grant those permits; New Jersey has denied them.

The 116-mile pipeline would ship Marcellus Shale gas from Luzerne County in Northeast Pennsylvania across the Delaware River to Mercer County, New Jersey, to provide what the company says is much-needed, affordable natural gas to residents. The project would cross dozens of waterways and wetlands, as well as the main stem of the Delaware River.

New Jersey has withheld from the project the necessary permits to cross waterways. The state says it spent about $1 billion to acquire and control the parcels for open space and to preserve the land for recreation, conservation and agriculture, and that it should not be used to ship natural gas.

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission first approved the project in 2015, drawing objections from residents, environmentalists and the State of New Jersey. As a result of the FERC rule-making and public comment process, the company changed the route in at least 33 instances.

A number of parties challenged the pipeline in court.

Since the Third Circuit’s ruling against the company, PennEast sought FERC’s approval to build the pipeline in two stages, starting on the Pennsylvania side, where it has already gained most of the necessary permits. If approved, the line would have interconnections with Adelphia Gateway and Columbia Gas transmission pipelines in Northampton County. The company plans to have the Pennsylvania section of the route completed and in service in 2022, while the New Jersey section would be operational in 2024.

Both the New Jersey Attorney General and Delaware Riverkeeper have challenged FERC’s permitting of the project in the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, which has been in abeyance pending the Supreme Court decision. That case can now move forward.


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